Electric Forklift trucks provide the most ecological and economical advantages while being perfectly suited for duty in a warehouse type situation. An electrically powered lift truck does not produce fumes or harmful emissions of any sort. Since natural resources are limited and electricity is not, battery-powered lift trucks are cheaper to operate over an extended period of time. Because of their practically silent motor and their lack of exhaust fumes, electric forklifts are the most appropriate choice for indoor operations. They are ideal for use in cold storage facilities because they do not produce much heat, and they save money by not placing additional strain on warehouse temperature-control units.
The disadvantages of electric forklifts are notable, but many find the benefits to outweigh the negative aspects. Most of the drawbacks to an electric lift truck are related to battery charging issues. It requires a significant amount of down time to keep these power sources prepared for operation. When the weather is good and the surface upon which the truck must operate is without significant flaws, a battery-powered truck can operate outdoors. A forklift with an electric motor is capable of meeting most material handling conditions; nevertheless, those that use an internal-combustion engine can usually provide more power to lift heavier loads.
Most electric trucks nowadays will come with an option to purchase spare batteries and these can be on charge while the truck is being used. At the end of a shift the operator can simply exchange the used battery for a fully charged one and the truck is ready for the next shift.